1. vaporization cutting
Under the heating of the high power density laser beam, the surface temperature of the material rises to the boiling point temperature very fast, enough to avoid the melting caused by heat conduction, so that some of the material vaporizes into vapour disappearing, and some materials are used as the effluent from the bottom of the slit by the auxiliary gas. The stream blows away.
2. melt cutting
When the incident laser beam power density exceeds a certain value, the inside of the material at the beam irradiation point begins to evaporate, forming a hole. Once such a small hole is formed, it will absorb all of the incident beam energy as a black body. The aperture is surrounded by a molten metal wall, and then an auxiliary gas stream coaxial with the beam carries away the molten material around the hole. As the workpiece moves, the small holes are simultaneously traversed in the cutting direction to form a slit. The laser beam continues to illuminate along the leading edge of the slit, and the molten material is blown away from the slit continuously or pulsatingly.
3.oxidative melting cutting
Melting and cutting generally use an inert gas. If it is replaced by oxygen or other reactive gas, the material is ignited under the irradiation of a laser beam, and a strong chemical reaction with oxygen produces another heat source called oxidative melting cutting.
4.control fracture cutting
For brittle materials that are easily damaged by heat, high-speed, controlled cutting by laser beam heating is called controlled fracture cutting. The main content of this cutting process is that the laser beam heats a small area of the brittle material, causing a large thermal gradient and severe mechanical deformation in the area, causing the material to form cracks. As long as a balanced heating gradient is maintained, the laser beam can direct the crack to occur in any desired direction.